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Tuesday, July 14, 2020 | History

3 edition of Notice of the occurrence of a Pleistocene camel north of the Arctic Circle found in the catalog.

Notice of the occurrence of a Pleistocene camel north of the Arctic Circle

James Williams Gidley

Notice of the occurrence of a Pleistocene camel north of the Arctic Circle

by James Williams Gidley

  • 61 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by Smithsonian Institution in Washington .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Yukon Territory.
    • Subjects:
    • Camels, Fossil,
    • Paleontology -- Pleistocene,
    • Paleontology -- Yukon Territory

    • Edition Notes

      Publication 2173.

      Statementby James Williams Gidley.
      SeriesSmithsonian miscellaneous collections,, v. 60, no. 26, Smithsonian miscellaneous collections ;, v. 60, no. 26.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsQ11 .S7 vol. 60, no. 26
      The Physical Object
      Pagination1 p. l., 2 p.
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL6563356M
      LC Control Number13035235
      OCLC/WorldCa3983930

        This proto-camel species, Camelidae, spread to South America as part of the Great American Interchange, where they gave rise to guanacos and related animals. They also spread to Asia via the Bering land bridge, including Ellesmere Island (in modern Canada, well above the Arctic Circle, near Greenland). Arctic, northernmost region of the Earth, centred on the North Pole and characterized by distinctively polar conditions of climate, plant and animal life, and other physical features. The term is derived from the Greek arktos (“bear”), referring to the northern constellation of the Bear. It has sometimes been used to designate the area within the Arctic Circle—a mathematical line that is.

        The pilot chart for June of this year shows vast fields of drift-ice on the western side of the Atlantic as far south as the latitude of 40°. So far, therefore, the glacial age in that part of the Atlantic still extends; this at a time when, on the eastern side of the ocean, the culture of cereals reaches in Norway beyond the Arctic Circle. North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western can also be described as a northern subcontinent of the Americas, or America, in models that use fewer than seven continents. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the southeast by.

      Titanotylopus was a massive camel and had long limbs and stood about ft tall at the head. It had a hump like the modern camel that stored fat. Its feet had broad second phalanges, indicating camel toes with padding, like those of modern camels and long limbs. The head displayed a small brain case with larger upper canine teeth. ×.   “We show that this exceptional warmth well north of the Arctic Circle occurred throughout both warm and cold orbital cycles and coincides with a long interval of million years when other researchers have shown the West Antarctic Ice Sheet did not exist,” Brigham-Grette notes. Hence both poles share some common history, but the pace of.


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Notice of the occurrence of a Pleistocene camel north of the Arctic Circle by James Williams Gidley Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Notice of the occurrence of a Pleistocene camel north of the Arctic Circle. [James Williams Gidley; Smithsonian Institution.]. Highlights This paper reports a new western camel (C.

hesternus) fossil from Yukon, northwest Canada. The fossil is correlated to a relatively cold interval of the MIS 5 interglacial (∼87– ka). This is the oldest reliably dated western camel fossil from Eastern Beringia. Western camels migrated to the northwest extremity of their range during the last by:   Camels originated in North America during the Eocene period ~45 million years ago.

This study reports evidence of a High Arctic camel from Ellesmere Island, which extends the range of North Cited by: The Pleistocene age of these fossils, together with its Arctic Circle occurrence, necessitate a rethinking of the role of large-bodied hunter-scavengers in Ice Age megafaunas in North America, and.

The muskox (Ovibos moschatus, in Latin "musky sheep-ox"), also spelled musk ox and musk-ox (in Inuktitut: ᐅᒥᖕᒪᒃ, umingmak; in Woods Cree: ᒫᖨᒨᐢ, mâthi-môs, ᒫᖨᒧᐢᑐᐢ, mâthi-mostos), is an Arctic hoofed mammal of the family Bovidae, noted for its thick coat and for the strong odor emitted by males during the seasonal rut, from which its name : Mammalia.

Pleistocene Epoch - Pleistocene Epoch - Pleistocene fauna and flora: The plants and animals of the Pleistocene are, in many respects, similar to those living today, but important differences exist. Moreover, the spatial distribution of various Pleistocene fauna and flora types differed markedly from what it is at present.

Changes in climate and environment caused large-scale migrations of both. Atlas of a Lost World: Travels in Ice Age America - Kindle edition by Childs, Craig. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Atlas of a Lost World: Travels in Ice Age s: The paper presents micropaleontological information and observations of the North Pacific diatom species Neodenticula (N.) seminae (Simonsen and Kanaya) Akiba and Yanagisawa in the surface and Holocene sediments from the North Atlantic, Nordic, and Arctic Seas.

The compilation of previously published data and new findings of this study on N. seminae in the surface sediments shows its broad. A wild camel, possibly an Army camel that escaped from Camp Verde, was spotted in Arizona during the mids. A rancher did kill that camel after spying it in his garden.

The Tolbor (N49 E ) (T16 hereafter) site is located in the Northern Hangai Mountains, along the western flank of the Tolbor River valley ( m asl), 13 km south of the.

The arctic tundra can be found in the northern parts of North America, Europe, and Asia. Most of the region is found within the Arctic Circle and above the edge of the coniferous forests—latitude 60°N in Canada and Siberia and latitude 70°N in the other countries. United States and the Camel Pack Trains in the Western Mining Camps By William S.

Lewis With Additions by A. Gray and Francis P. Farquhar Books, Periodicals, and Government Reports American Camel Company. Charter of the American Camel Company, Granted by the State of New York; with the Natural History of the Camel.

The Pleistocene - The Age of Ice Before the Pleistocene. Throughout much of the earth's history, long before humanity came onto the scene (from say 2, million years ago to 2 million years ago), the global climate was much warmer than now, with the global mean temperature as.

Dinosaur skeletons have been recovered from north of the Arctic circle in Alaska. These and other pieces of evidence indicate that the mid-Cretaceous climate was on the order of °F ( - °C) warmer at the equator and °F (16 - 61°C) warmer at the poles compared to the present with no permanent polar ice caps.

Arctic glaciers advanced and retreated in at least four stages over ___. North America During the peak of Pleistocene glaciation, thick glaciers existed as far south as present day ___. The end of the Pleistocene epoch (20, to 12, years ago) was marked by a global ice age, which led to the extinction of many megafauna most people don't know is that this capitalized "Ice Age" was the last of no less than 11 Pleistocene ice ages, interspersed with more temperate intervals called "interglacials.'During these periods, much of North America and Eurasia.

An alternative model for second-order features was spurred by observation that in mammoths living above the Arctic Circle (Siberian M. primigenius) the normal period of second-order features is sometimes altered, but only during winter or summer, to about 11 days rather than 7 days (Fisher a, ).

This also changes the number of second. Box C: The Arctic Ice Road: Based on initial assessments of diamond deposits in the Canadian north, it was evident that the kimberlite pipes could only be exploited by large-scale operations.

This meant moving building materials, machinery, heavy equipment, and supplies over long distances to the mining sites over a period of many years. Only one reptile, the European viper, lives north of the Arctic Circle on the Scandinavian tundra. The European viper is a highly venomous (poisonous) snake found only in Europe, Asia, and Africa.

It grows to an average length of 19 to 23 inches (50 to 60 centimeters). That tropical or sub-tropical conditions once prevailed within the Arctic circle is affirmed on the reported occurrence there of fossil coral reefs and tropical vegetation.

I have previously quoted evidence to show that this view is greatly exaggerated/"' One notice of that paper dix-cribed its views as "tres bardie,'' but C am not award of any.

A LARGE CAMEL FROM UPPER PLEISTOCENE come from different taxa which implies that there were two species of camel in the Middle East in the Upper Pleistocene. Comparison with C. (P.) gigas and with only two bones of C. thomasi shows that while the Far'ah bones are larger, the percentage differences imply V's of only 11 to 5.The post-Flood rapid ice age would have had milder winters and cooler summers with little if any permafrost, mainly because the Arctic and North Pacific Oceans were warm, and ice-free.

55 It would not have been the formidable landscape observed today or deduced from uniformitarian ice age expectations. Since the lowlands of Beringia were not.Under conditions where buried wood is protected from microbial degradation and exposure to oxygen or harsh chemical environments, the tissues may remain unmineralized.

If the original organic matter is present in relatively unaltered form, wood is considered to be mummified. Exposure to high temperatures, whether from wild fires or pyroclastic flows, may cause wood to be converted to charcoal.